Dr Samyak Tiwari

Symptoms and Treatment For Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) features a pattern of unreasonable thoughts and fears (obsessions) that lead you to try to repetitive behaviors (compulsions). These obsessions and compulsions interfere with daily activities and cause significant distress.

You may attempt to ignore or stop your obsessions, but that only increases your distress and anxiety. Ultimately, you are feeling driven to perform compulsive acts to undertake to ease your stress. Despite efforts to ignore or get obviate bothersome thoughts or urges, they keep returning. This results in more ritualistic behavior — the vicious circle of OCD.

OCD often centers around certain themes — for instance, a fear of getting contaminated by germs. To ease your contamination fears, you’ll compulsively wash your hands until they’re sore and chapped.

If you’ve got OCD, you’ll be ashamed and embarrassed about the condition, but treatment is often effective. Here are the symptoms and treatment methods that you can use to keep this disorder of yours in control:

treatment of ocd


The obsessive-compulsive disorder usually includes both obsessions and compulsions. But it is also possible to possess only obsession symptoms or only compulsion symptoms. you’ll or might not realize that your obsessions and compulsions are excessive or unreasonable, but they take up an excellent deal of your time and interfere together with your daily routine and social or work functioning.

Obsession symptoms

OCD obsessions are repeated, persistent and unwanted thoughts urge or images that are intrusive and cause distress or anxiety. you would possibly attempt to ignore them or get obviate them by performing a compulsive behavior or ritual. These obsessions typically intrude when you’re trying to consider or do other things.

Obsessions often have themes to them, such as:

  • Fear of contamination or dirt
  • Needing things orderly and symmetrical
  • Aggressive or horrific thoughts about harming yourself or others
  • Unwanted thoughts, including aggression, or sexual or religious subjects
treatment of ocd

Examples of obsession signs and symptoms include:

  • Fear of being contaminated by touching objects others have touched
  • Doubts that you’ve got locked the door or turned off the stove
  • Intense stress when objects aren’t orderly or facing a particular way
  • Images of injuring yourself or somebody else that is unwanted and cause you to uncomfortable
  • Thoughts about shouting obscenities or acting inappropriately that are unwanted and cause you to uncomfortable
  • Avoidance of situations which will trigger obsessions, like shaking hands
  • Distress about unpleasant sexual images repeating in your mind

Compulsion symptoms

OCD compulsions are repetitive behaviors that you simply feel driven to perform. These repetitive behaviors or mental acts are meant to stop or reduce anxiety associated with your obsessions or prevent something bad from happening. However, engaging within the compulsions brings no pleasure and should offer only a short-lived relief from anxiety.

You may structure rules or rituals to follow that help control your anxiety when you’re having obsessive thoughts. These compulsions are excessive and sometimes aren’t realistically associated with the matter they’re intended to repair.

As with obsessions, compulsions typically have themes, such as:

  • Washing and cleaning
  • Checking
  • Counting
  • Orderliness
  • Following a strict routine
  • Demanding reassurances

Examples of compulsion signs and symptoms include:

  • Hand-washing until your skin becomes raw
  • Checking doors repeatedly to form sure they’re locked
  • Checking the stove repeatedly to form sure it’s off
  • Counting in certain patterns
  • Silently repeating a prayer, word or phrase
  • Arranging your canned food to face an equivalent way
  • Severity varies

OCD usually begins within the teen or young adult years. Symptoms usually begin gradually and have a tendency to vary in severity throughout life. Symptoms generally worsen once you experience greater stress. OCD, usually considered a lifelong disorder, can have mild to moderate symptoms or be so severe and time-consuming that it becomes disabling.

When To Consult a Doctor

There’s a difference between being a perfectionist — someone who requires flawless results or performance, for instance — and having OCD. OCD thoughts aren’t simply excessive worries about real problems in your life or wish to have things clean or arranged in a specific way.

If your obsessions and compulsions are affecting your quality of life, see your doctor or psychological state professional.
The explanation for the obsessive-compulsive disorder isn’t fully understood. Main theories include:

  • Biology. OCD could also be a result of changes in your body’s own natural chemistry or brain functions.
  • Genetics. OCD may have a genetic component, but specific genes have yet to be identified.
  • Environment. Some environmental factors like infections are suggested as a trigger for OCD, but more research is required.

Treatment for OCD

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the best treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder and usually involves two components:

Exposure and response prevention, which needs repeated exposure to the source of your obsession, as explained above.
Cognitive therapy, which focuses on the catastrophic thoughts and exaggerated sense of responsibility you are feeling an enormous part of cognitive therapy for OCD is teaching you healthy and effective ways of responding to obsessive thoughts, without resorting to compulsive behavior.
Other OCD treatments
In addition to cognitive-behavioral therapy, the subsequent treatments also are used for OCD:

Medication. Antidepressants are sometimes utilized in conjunction with therapy for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. However, medication alone is never effective in relieving the symptoms.

Family Therapy. Since OCD often causes problems in family life and social adjustment, group therapy can help promote understanding of the disorder and reduce family conflicts. It also can motivate relations and teach them the way to help their beloved with OCD.

Group Therapy. Through interaction with fellow OCD sufferers, group psychotherapy provides support and encouragement and reduces feelings of isolation.
How to help someone with OCD
The way you react to your loved one’s OCD symptoms can have an enormous impact on their outlook and recovery. Negative comments or criticism can make OCD worse, while a relaxed, supportive environment can help improve the result of treatment.

treatment of ocd

Avoid making personal criticisms. Remember, your loved one’s OCD behaviors are symptoms, not character flaws.

Don’t scold someone with OCD or tell them to prevent performing rituals. They can’t comply, and therefore the pressure to prevent will only make the behaviors worse.

Be as kind and patient as possible. Each sufferer must overcome problems at their own pace. Praise any successful plan to resist OCD, and focus attention on positive elements within the person’s life.

Do not play alongside your loved one’s rituals. Going alongside your loved one’s OCD “rules,” or helping with their compulsions or rituals will only reinforce the behavior. Support the person, not their compulsions.

Keep communication positive and clear. Communication is vital so you’ll find a balance between supporting your beloved and standing up to the OCD symptoms and not further distressing your beloved.

Find humor. Laughing together over the funny side and absurdity of some OCD symptoms can help your beloved become more detached from the disorder. Just confirm your beloved feels respected and in on the joke.

Don’t let OCD take over family life. Sit down as a family and choose how you’ll work together to tackle your loved one’s symptoms. attempt to keep family life as normal as possible and therefore the home a low-stress environment.
There are no sure ways of preventing obsessive-compulsive disorder. However, getting treatment as soon as possible may help prevent OCD from worsening and disrupting activities and your daily routine.

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